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2015年4月23日 (木)

Secret Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) - Investment Chapter TPPの秘密 - 投資関連条項

★ Secret Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) - Investment Chapter

TPPの秘密 - 投資関連条項

WikiLeaks releases today the "Investment Chapter" from the secret negotiations of the TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership) agreement. The document adds to the previous WikiLeaks publications of the chapters for Intellectual Property Rights (November 2013) and the Environment (January 2014).
The TPP Investment Chapter, published today, is dated 20 January 2015. The document is classified and supposed to be kept secret for four years after the entry into force of the TPP agreement or, if no agreement is reached, for four years from the close of the negotiations.

ウイキリークスは特許や環境分野に続いて、TPPの投資関連の秘密交渉の内容を明らかにする。
TPPの投資条項は2015年1月20日付のもので、4年間は秘密にすることが決められている。

(https://wikileaks.org/tpp-investment/press.html)

INVESTMENT
投資


Derived from:  Classification Guidance 
dated March 4, 2010 Reason:   1.4(b)
Declassify on:  Four  years  from  entry  into force of the TPP agreement or, if  no  agreement  enters  into force, four years from the close of the negotiations. 
*  This  document  must  be  protected  from unauthorized disclosure, but may be mailed or transmitted  over  unclassified  e-mail  or  fax, discussed  over  unsecured  phone  lines,  and stored  on  unclassified  computer  systems.    It must be stored in a locked or secured building, room, or container.

CHAPTER II
INVESTMENT 
Section A   
第II章
投資
セクションA

<<Note: CNs have agreed that this Chapter will not include an objectives article, subject to the drafting of language on objectives in this Chapter and other Chapters in the preamble.  Four Parties have proposed  that  the  following  elements  be  included  in  the  preamble:  to encourage  and  promote  the  flow  of  investment  between  the  Parties  on  a  mutually advantageous  basis  and  as  a  means  to  promote  economic  growth,  under  conditions  of transparency within a stable framework of rules to ensure the protection and security of investments  by  investors  of  other  Parties  within  each  Party’s territory,  while  recognizing the  rights  of  Parties  to  regulate  and  the  responsibility  of  governments  to  protect  public welfare, including public health, safety and the environment.  Parties have agreed to the following text in the preamble: “Recognizing the inherent right to regulate and resolving to preserve the flexibility of the Parties to protect legitimate public welfare objectives, such as public health, safety, the environment, the conservation of living or non-living exhaustible natural resources, and public morals;”>>   

Article II.1: Definitions  For purposes of this Chapter: 
本章の定義

Article II.2: Scope and Coverage 
適用範囲

1.  This Chapter applies to measures adopted or maintained by a Party relating to: 
(a)  investors of another Party; 
(b)  covered investments; and 
(c)  with respect to Articles 11.9 (Performance Requirements) and II.15 (Investment and Environmental, Health and other Regulatory Objectives), all investments in the territory of the Party. 
2.  A  Party’s  obligations  under  this  Chapter  shall  apply  to  measures  adopted  or maintained by: 
(a)  the central, regional, or local governments and authorities of that Party; and   
(b)  any person, including a state enterprise or any other body, when it exercises any governmental authority delegated to it by central, regional, or local governments or authorities of that Party
3.  For  greater  certainty,  the  provisions  of  this  Chapter  do  not  bind  any  Party  in relation to any act or fact that took place or any situation that ceased to exist before the date of entry into force of this Agreement.
(以下、略)

Article II.3: Relation to Other Chapters
他の章との関連

Article II.4: National Treatment
国内での扱い

Article II.5: Most-Favored-Nation Treatment
最恵国待遇条約の扱い

Article II.6: Minimum Standard of Treatment
取り扱いの最低基準

Article II.6bis: Treatment in Case of Armed Conflict or Civil Strife
紛争や内戦があった場合の取り扱い

Article 11.7: Expropriation and Compensation
収用と補償

Article II.8: Transfers
移転

Article II.9: Performance Requirements
実践要件

Article II.10: Senior Management and Boards of Directors
上級管理と役員会

Article II.11: Non-Conforming Measures
非順守の場合の措置

Article II.12: Subrogation
代位

Article II.13: Special Formalities and Information Requirements
特別な形式と情報要件
(以下略)

https://wikileaks.org/tpp-investment/WikiLeaks-TPP-Investment-Chapter/page-1.html



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