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2009年12月16日 (水)

United Homeless Organization (ニューヨークのホームレス問題)/Guantanamo to Illinois prison (グアンタナモからイリノイの刑務所へ)+ COP15の歴史

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☆ニューヨーク・タイムズ

December 15, 2009, 1:26 pm

By SEWELL CHAN

ニューヨークの裁判所はホームレス支援団体の寄付受付テーブルを排除

Court Orders United Homeless Organization to Remove Tables

州の司法長官クオモは、ユナイテッド・ホームレス・オーガナイゼイションは本当のホームレスの支援は行わず、詐欺行為で寄付を募っているとして提訴しており、裁判所は判決が下り次第、直ちに路上のテーブルを排除する権利を州司法長官に認めた。

The state attorney general, Andrew M. Cuomo, obtained a court injunction on Tuesday ordering the United Homeless Organization to immediately remove its sidewalk donation tables pending the outcome of a civil lawsuit Mr. Cuomo’s office has filed against the group, which he has called an elaborate sham that does not help the needy.

記事のリンク(クリック):

http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/12/15/court-orders-united-homeless-organization-to-remove-tables/?hp

BBC

at 03:17 GMT, Wednesday, 16 December 2009

グアンタナモ収容者:イリノイ州の刑務所に移送

Guantanamo inmates to be sent to Illinois prison

オバマ大統領はイリノイ州の刑務所を購入し、キューバのグアンタナモ湾の米軍施設に収容されているテロリスト容疑者を移動させるように命令を出した。

US President Barack Obama has ordered the federal government to buy a prison in Illinois to take a number of inmates from Guantanamo Bay.

大統領は、まだ215名存在する収容者の取り扱い決定期限を、2010年の後半に延ばさざるを得ないことを認めた。

Mr Obama had given himself one year to achieve this, but with officials still trying to work out what to do with about 215 inmates at the camp, he admitted in November that a 22 January deadline had slipped to later in 2010.

記事のリンク(クリック):

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8413230.stm

◆本日のレポート:                

アルジャジーラ

COP15への道のり

Timeline: The road to Copenhagen

March 1994: The UN Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC) enters into force, with near universal membership. The convention sees countries agree to share information on greenhouse gas emissions and to prepare national strategies to deal with the problem.

19943月、国連気候変動枠組み条約(UNFCCC)が大部分の加盟国が参加して発効した。この条約により各国は温室効果ガスに関する情報の共有と問題解決のための国内施策の策定に取り組むことになった。

COP1, Berlin, 1995: The world has woken up to the threat posed by climate change, but there is no agreement on what can be done to combat the problem…

COP2, Geneva, 1996: The following year, member countries agree that a "one size fits all" solution will not work. Instead, each country is encouraged to suggest and implement its own solutions to the problem…

COP3, Kyoto, 1997: The end of the two-year evaluation sees the Kyoto Protocol adopted after intense negotiations. Binding targets are introduced for greenhouse gas emissions from 37 industrialised countries, which are scheduled to run until 2012.

2年間の調査と激しい議論の末に、京都議定書が採択された。先進37カ国の温室効果ガスの排出量を対象として拘束力のある目標が設定され、2012年まで実施されることになった。

It will take eight years for Kyoto to be ratified by a sufficient number of countries to come into force, but several major greenhouse gas producers refuse to ratify the Protocol at all.

COP4, Buenos Aires, 1998: The details of the Kyoto Protocol dominate the agenda at the conference, but no agreement is reached…

COP5, Bonn, 1999: The Bonn conference discusses the technical aspects of implementing the Kyoto Protocol…

COP6, The Hague, 2000: The conference is one of the most divisive since the process began.

The US proposes that agricultural and forest areas should be designated as carbon sinks, thereby almost completely fulfilling its obligation to reduce emissions in a single sweep…

COP6, Bonn, 2001: Six months later, the parties meet again in a special meeting prompted by the breakdown of The Hague talks.

The mood is pessimistic - George Bush, the new US President, has rejected the Kyoto protocol outright, saying it is too expensive and should cover developing as well as industrialised nations. Few expect the divisive issues that sunk The Hague negotiations to be resolved…

COP7, Marrakesh, 2001: Later in the year, the regular annual conference finalises the details of the Kyoto Protocol following the process begun in Buenos Aires, publishing a package of decisions which become known as the Marrakesh Accords.

COP8, Delhi, 2002: This conference sees a failed EU bid to persuade member countries to do more in the fight against climate change. Little is decided.

COP9, Milan, 2003:  In Milan, negotiators tie up the few remaining loose ends of the Kyoto Protocols, which have still not come into force, but no major new ideas are discussed.   

COP10, Buenos Aires, 2004: Members begin to consider what will happen after the Kyoto Protocol expires in 2012…

COP11/CMP1, Montreal, 2005: This conference is the first to take place after the Kyoto Protocol comes into force, and a separate conference, for Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP), is launched for those who have signed up to the protocol…

京都議定書に実際に署名した締約国会議(CMP)が新たに設けられた。

COP12/CMP2, Nairobi, 2006: What will happen after the Kyoto Protocol expires continues to dominate the agenda and the possible production of a road map toward establishing a replacement agreement is discussed.   

COP13/CMP3, Bali, 2007: … A common text calling for quicker action is produced, and the Bali Action Plan, setting out the path to a new agreement to replace Kyoto is adopted. The 2009 Copenhagen conference is earmarked to establish a new global climate agreement. 

COP14/CMP4, Poznan, 2008: Work is entirely geared toward Copenhagen….

COP15/CMP5, Copenhagen, 2009: This year's meeting is being billed as the most crucial conference yet. Conference organisers hope that COP15 will result in a new global agreement, covering every country in the world, that will mitigate the effects of man-made climate change.

COP15の責任者はこの会議によって全ての国を対象とする、人為的な気候変動緩和のための新たなグローバルな合意が得られることを期待している。

記事のリンク:

http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/climatesos/2009/12/2009122124659435685.html

(注)引用は英語表現の研究のためですが、正確な内容については原文記事の参照をお勧めいたします。

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